Masalah ini terjadi pada Debian 9 stretch 64-bit (desktop GNOME) yang saya gunakan. Saya menggunakan USB wireless adapter TP-LINK TL-WN722N karena pada komputer saya tidak ada kartu Wifi PCI. Pada Debian, instalasi driver cukup mudah dengan

apt-get install firmware-atheros

Perangkat USB tersebut langsung dikenali oleh sistem dan saya langsung mencobanya untuk koneksi Wifi di tempat saya.

Anehnya, ketika mencoba koneksi selalu gagal tanpa pesan error di desktop GNOME yang saya gunakan. Pada dmesg terlihat entry log aborting authentication with by local choice (Reason: 3=DEAUTH_LEAVING) beberapa kali pada 1 kali percobaan koneksi:

[   59.880805] usb 1-1.4: new high-speed USB device number 4 using ehci-pci
[   60.005727] usb 1-1.4: New USB device found, idVendor=0cf3, idProduct=9271
[   60.005729] usb 1-1.4: New USB device strings: Mfr=16, Product=32, SerialNumber=48
[   60.005731] usb 1-1.4: Product: USB2.0 WLAN
[   60.005732] usb 1-1.4: Manufacturer: ATHEROS
[   60.005734] usb 1-1.4: SerialNumber: 12345
[   60.324981] usb 1-1.4: ath9k_htc: Firmware ath9k_htc/htc_9271-1.4.0.fw requested
[   60.325069] usbcore: registered new interface driver ath9k_htc
[   60.348095] usb 1-1.4: firmware: direct-loading firmware ath9k_htc/htc_9271-1.4.0.fw
[   60.629962] usb 1-1.4: ath9k_htc: Transferred FW: ath9k_htc/htc_9271-1.4.0.fw, size: 51008
[   60.880826] ath9k_htc 1-1.4:1.0: ath9k_htc: HTC initialized with 33 credits
[   61.111895] ath9k_htc 1-1.4:1.0: ath9k_htc: FW Version: 1.4
[   61.111897] ath9k_htc 1-1.4:1.0: FW RMW support: On
[   61.111899] ath: EEPROM regdomain: 0x809c
[   61.111900] ath: EEPROM indicates we should expect a country code
[   61.111901] ath: doing EEPROM country->regdmn map search
[   61.111911] ath: country maps to regdmn code: 0x52
[   61.111912] ath: Country alpha2 being used: CN
[   61.111912] ath: Regpair used: 0x52
[   61.122477] ieee80211 phy0: Atheros AR9271 Rev:1
[   61.185069] ath9k_htc 1-1.4:1.0 wlx18a6f7160a49: renamed from wlan0
[   61.224640] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   61.361032] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   61.535923] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   61.743450] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   69.190250] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   70.360621] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticate with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7
[   70.551637] wlx18a6f7160a49: send auth to 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 (try 1/3)
[   70.556012] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticated
[   75.555233] wlx18a6f7160a49: aborting authentication with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 by local choice (Reason: 3=DEAUTH_LEAVING)
[   76.872114] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticate with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7
[   77.061146] wlx18a6f7160a49: send auth to 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 (try 1/3)
[   77.065158] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticated
[   82.061225] wlx18a6f7160a49: aborting authentication with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 by local choice (Reason: 3=DEAUTH_LEAVING)
[   83.775718] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticate with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7
[   83.965040] wlx18a6f7160a49: send auth to 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 (try 1/3)
[   83.969807] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticated
[   88.969792] wlx18a6f7160a49: aborting authentication with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 by local choice (Reason: 3=DEAUTH_LEAVING)
[   91.207178] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticate with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7
[   91.395860] wlx18a6f7160a49: send auth to 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 (try 1/3)
[   91.400263] wlx18a6f7160a49: authenticated
[   93.996839] wlx18a6f7160a49: aborting authentication with 74:23:44:dc:0f:d7 by local choice (Reason: 3=DEAUTH_LEAVING)
[   94.061841] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready
[   94.233433] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlx18a6f7160a49: link is not ready

Ternyata firmware ada kendala dengan nama interface panjang. Solusinya, saya hanya perlu membuat link pada 99-default.link ke /dev/null:

ln -s /dev/null /etc/systemd/network/99-default.link

Saya menemukan analisis masalah ini secara teknis pada artikel Tinkering with systemd’s predictable network names dan detail mengenai kendala ini bisa dilihat di UNIX Stack Exchange. Trims kepada user3249994 yang sudah menemukan kembali url ke artikel yang dimaksud, sehingga saya bisa share di blog ini.